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Hyperdontia is a condition that results in individuals having more teeth than usual. This can affect both the number and size of teeth and cause problems with chewing, speaking, and smiling. While the cause of Hyperdontia is unknown, treatment options are available.

What is Hyperdontia?

Hyperdontia is a condition that results in individuals having more teeth than usual. This can affect both the number and size of teeth and cause problems with chewing, speaking, and smiling. In some cases, people with Hyperdontia may have as many as 40 teeth, while others may have just a few extra teeth. The condition can affect both primary (baby) teeth and permanent (adult) teeth. Hyperdontia can be a cosmetic concern, but it can also lead to more serious problems, such as crowding teeth and difficulty chewing.

What Causes Hyperdontia?

The exact cause of Hyperdontia is unknown. However, the condition appears to be hereditary, meaning it can run in families, including:

1. Gardner’s  Syndrome

Gardeners’ syndrome is a condition that results in the growth of extra body hair, benign tumors, and, in some cases, Hyperdontia.

2. Cleidocranial Dysplasia

Cleidocranial dysplasia is a genetic condition that can cause abnormal development of the bones and teeth. People with this condition may have more teeth than usual, often resulting in up to 42 teeth.

3. Ectodermal Dysplasia

Ectodermal dysplasia is a group of conditions that affect skin, hair, and nail development. In some cases, people with ectodermal dysplasia may also have Hyperdontia.

4. Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate

Cleft lip and cleft palate are congenital disabilities that result in a split or opening in the lip or roof of the mouth. People with these conditions may also have Hyperdontia, although they will often have fewer teeth than usual.

Symptoms of Hyperdontia

The most common symptom of Hyperdontia is the presence of extra teeth. These teeth may be visible in the mouth or buried underneath the gums. Additionally, people with Hyperdontia may experience Crowding of teeth and difficulty chewing. The extra teeth can erupt through the gums and cause pain and swelling in some cases.

Diagnosing Hyperdontia

If you are concerned that you or your child may have Hyperdontia, see a for an evaluation. Your teeth will be examined, and take detailed x-rays to determine whether any additional teeth are present. They will also ask about your family history to see if there is a genetic component to your condition. Diagnosis of Hyperdontia is essential as it can help to determine the best course of treatment.

Treatment for Hyperdontia

Treatment for Hyperdontia will depend on the severity of the condition and any related symptoms. In milder cases, removing one or more teeth may be recommended to prevent overcrowding. If a tooth is impacted, it may also need to be removed. Visit an experienced dentist who may also recommend orthodontic treatment for individuals with Hyperdontia to address crowding and other cosmetic concerns. Treatment includes:

1. Braces

Portrait of a young woman showing her braces with a smile

Braces can be used to correct the alignment of teeth and prevent overcrowding. This can help alleviate any symptoms related to Hyperdontia, such as difficulty chewing or speaking.

2. Dental Implants

Dental implants are artificial tooth root replacements that are placed in the jawbone. If you have lost one or more teeth due to Hyperdontia, dental implants can be used to restore your smile.

3. Tooth Extraction

Tooth extraction is a surgical procedure that involves removing one or more teeth from the mouth. This may be recommended if you have crowding of teeth or impacted teeth.

In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove extra teeth.

For individuals with severe Hyperdontia, surgery may be necessary to remove extra teeth. There are two main types of surgery used in the treatment of Hyperdontia:

1. Exodontia

This procedure involves the removal of teeth that are already erupted (visible in the mouth).

2. Odontectomy

This procedure involves the removal of teeth that are impacted (stuck beneath the gum line).

After surgery, it is important to practice good oral hygiene and see a doctor regularly to prevent infection and other complications.

Living with Hyperdontia

Hyperdontia can be a cosmetic concern, but it can also lead to more serious problems, such as Crowding of teeth and difficulty chewing. If you have Hyperdontia, it is important to see an orthodontist regularly to ensure that your teeth are healthy and to prevent any further complications. With the right treatment, you can manage your condition and live a healthy, happy life.

If you are concerned that you or your child may have Hyperdontia, talk to your orthodontist today to learn more about diagnosis, treatment, and living with this condition. By working with a skilled practitioner and following all of their recommendations, you can manage your symptoms and live a healthy, happy life.​

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